Pages

Subscribe:

Ads 468x60px

Total Pageviews

Follow by Email

Saturday, 17 March 2012

Girly genes in men increase sex drive?


Males with an extra girly sex chromosome two (X chromosomes) seemed to have an insatiable appetite for sex, at least in mice. In mammals, gender is determined by sex chromosomes, the X and Y. If you have two X chromosomes, you are a female. If you have one X and one Y, you are a male.
(Chromosomes are long strings of DNA that hold many genes; humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes, one set inherited from each parent.)

The study was done in mice, not humans, but the genes that determine sex are similar in mammals, so the results might be applicable, especially in males with Klinefelter’s syndrome, who are genetically XXY.

“Whether this is a specific phenomenon to mice, or even to this particular inbred background strain of laboratory mice, is still an open question, but we did find similar results in two different genetic models of mice,” study researcher Paul Bonthuis, a graduate student at the University of Virginia, told LiveScience in an email.

“To know how general the finding is to other mammals one would have to do studies with other mammalian species directly,” he noted.

The researchers studied two special lines of mice.

In the first, they were able to separate the effects of the X and Y chromosomes from the mouse’s sexual development (which is dependent on one gene on the Y chromosome). This means that even lab mice with odd numbers of sex chromosomes - for instance males with two X’s or females that have a Y - still developed normally; they had normal genitalia and sexual behaviours for their gender.

In another genetically engineered mouse model the researchers linked the X and Y chromosome so this pair could be matched up with an X chromosome, resulting in genetically XXY males.

These two models provided different parts of the puzzle, with the first one revealing developmental differences created by genes on either the X or Y chromosome that aren’t involved in normal development. The second model would reveal how an extra X chromosome affected the male mice.

Sex hormone levels were normal in all of these special lines of mice.

When they studied these mice, they found that the males with two X chromosomes (the XXY males) were about twice as fast to ejaculate and ejaculated nearly twice as often than those with only one. They also mounted females more often and during sex showed more pelvic-thrusting motions.

“We take these findings to mean that not all sex differences in behaviour are due to the differences in the hormone secretions by the ovaries and the testes,” Bonthuis said.

“Our studies indicate that direct genetic differences between XX and XY individuals ... also play a role in causing sex differences in behaviour,” he stated.

These results indicate that there may be an undiscovered gene on the X chromosome that affects sexual behaviours in mice and perhaps in other mammals, the researchers say.

“We do not yet know what gene on the X chromosome is causing this effect on behaviour,” Bonthuis said, but only a small percent of genes are expressed on both X chromosomes (some genes are automatically turned off in one X when two X chromosomes are present).

“It is hard to say for certain what the X factor could be, but we do have some likely candidates,” he asserted.

Human males with two X chromosomes do exist. They have Klinefelter’s syndrome, which happens about once every 500 to 1,000 male births. Symptoms include infertility and decreased testosterone levels, among others. Many males don’t show symptoms.

A 1997 report on men with lowered fertility indicated that men with Klinefelter''''s reported having sexual intercourse more often than normal XY males. If this holds true, they could be under the influence of the same mysterious X chromosome factor as the mice.

The study was published online last month in the journal Hormones and Behaviour.

4 comments:

  1. Testosterone is known as the male hormone and everything that it connotes – “That man has an excess of testosterone – for good reasons. Declining testosterone levels usually cause significant physical and mental changes in a man, thus, the cause for concern.
    trustworthy vigrx plus site

    ReplyDelete
  2. Testosterone level lowers as you age. In addition, there are lots of factors to consider that might affect the low volume of your testosterone.

    Low testosterone production targets your sexual performance, thus your physical and psychological health are affected. entrusted vigrx plus website

    ReplyDelete
  3. Male enhancement supplements are divided in several categories – penis increase pills, semen pills, products for overcoming erectile dysfunction and natural fertility boosters for men.

    When evaluating these products, I’ll be relying on the same universal criteria. Thus, all of the reviews will be easy to go through and you’ll also know how to access the information that matters the most to you.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Enjoy intimacy with your partner, even if you can’t have penetrative sex. Such practices will help you relax and feel good. Chances are that erectile function will return back to normal as a consequence.

    Remember that you’re not alone if you’re suffering from ED. This is a common problem that millions of guys struggle with. Seek assistance and change your lifestyle. fuller prosolution plus

    ReplyDelete